The word “Tong” means Hill and “Taugya” means Jhum (Hilltop Sweden cultivation). So, the word Tanchangya means Hill Sweden farmer. Tanchangya peoples have been living in CHT since its prehistoric age. Now-a-days Tanchangya peoples live in Rangamati, Bandarban, Roisyabili & Sadhikyabili (Chittagong district), Ukhia and Teknaf (Cox’s bazaar district) areas of the Bangladesh. Tanchangyas also live in North-east Indian states (Asam, Tripura, and Mizoram) and Arakan state of the Myanmar.
Ancient Name: Doinnak
Modern Standardized Spelling: Tanchangya
Alternative names and Spellings: Tang, Tong, Tongchongya, Tanteungya, Tongchangya, Doingnak
Population: 31,164 in CHT [Census: 2001] According to Rangamati District administration (2004) 50,000 ..
Gasha/Clan: Tanchangya community consists of about 12 Gasha. But in Bangladesh there are seven Gosha. These are (1) Karua Gosha (2) Dunya Gosha (3) Mou Gosha (4) Mongla Gosha (5) Lambacha Gosha (6) Millong Gosha (7) Ongya Gosha (W.W.Hunter; 1876).
Religion: Buddhism (Theravada) and Animism
Language: Tanchangya (dialect) [Tanchangya language consists of Pali, Prakrit and ancient Bengali]
Main Livelihood: Hilltop cultivation (jhum).
Educational Percentage: 23%
Average marriageable age: 20 year
Festivals: Bishu, Bhudda Purnima, kathino chivar dan.
Traditional game: Ghila kala, Nahdeng kala, Gudhu kala.
Food: Rice, vegetable, cidhol, dry fishes.
Special characteristic: Cool in nature, Religious, Hospitable, Musical, Hard worker etc.
Honorable Person: Venerable Agga Vangsha Mahathera, Biro Kumar Tanchangya, Ratikanta Tanchangya.